Oregon Across the Centuries

Geologic Activity

Much like many places that are rich in landscape, Oregon’s hills, valleys, rivers, and lakes are a result of millions of years’ worth of geologic activity involving massive floods, earthquakes, and volcanic eruptions long before the arrival of the first inhabitants.

Even with the native inhabitants that have pitched home in the terrains of the state, these geologic activities have been noted and accounted for. For example, what was once the tallest mountain in the region, Mount Mazama, experienced an eruption so severe that the mountain reduced itself by a full kilometer. This was witnessed by natives who were inhabitants of the area and recognized it as a great battle between the mountain god and the sky god.

These geologic activities are what led to create the scenic terrain and landscape that many nature lovers enjoy so much in Oregon.

Native Inhabitants

Much of the earliest discoveries about the most probable first inhabitants of the state were made by archaeologist Luther Cressman when he discovered sage bark sandals that dated more than thirteen thousand years ago, around the area of Fort Rock Cave. He later found more evidence around the Paisley Caves supporting his previous evidences.

By around 8000 BC, there is believed to be settlements of tribes all around the state, mostly concentrated along the Colombia river. Many native American groups have made Oregon their settlement, including the Chinook, Bannock, Chasta, Takelma, and a lot more.

European Exploration

During the 19th century, the earliest official European explorers came by Oregon, at first, only to seek passage to the Northwest by sea and by land. Later on, traders, Christian missionaries, and even immigrants came along.

These explorations were positively welcomed by the natives because of the opportunities brought about by trade. However, it would later be noted that diseases brought about by the foreigners would later become the downfall of the native tribes. These explorations started when the Spanish sighted south of Oregon in the 1500s and continued with the British explorations in the 1700s to the 1800s.

Pioneer Settlement

The first official permanent white settlement was Fort Astoria, established and funded by American businessmen. The Oregon Trail which was what immigrants took to settle permanently in the region was established at around 1830. Most of these immigrants were Christian missionaries who wanted to convert natives to Christianity.

The trail brought many new settlers to the area, and soon a government was set up by need as the settlers have begun acquiring property and participating more actively in communities. Native populations were later pushed back to Indian reservations where they set up casinos where state laws do not apply, to curb looming poverty.

Modern Times

In the 1900s, the construction of the Bonneville Dam in the Columbia river prompted a lot of industrial growth. Oregon, by this time, was providing a significant amount of power, food, and lumber in the developing Northwest. However, due to the multiple and varied inhabitants that have come and still occupied the area,  conflict is always at present.

There was also a vile history of racial discrimination and minority discrimination in the state. The Oregon Supreme Court itself declared in the 90s that minorities were more likely to be incarcerated, thanks to institutionalized discrimination with which it prescribes a more multicultural exposure and training of individuals in the justice system.



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Historical Landmarks to Check Out in Oregon

While the time machine is yet to be invented, we can always walk back in time with the remnants of the past that our ancestors have left for us. Perhaps that is why historical landmarks are always a fascinating prospect when touring a place such as Oregon.

Peter Iredale Shipwreck

You will not find any leftover booty here, but you will find a ton of history in its place. The remnants of the gigantic Peter Iredale ship on the coast of Oregon near Hammond.

Kin Wah Chung Heritage Site

Historically, when the Oregon trail was opened, some immigrants came from so far east –as far as China. There were Chinese settlers that took part in the history of Oregon. This heritage site is a Chinese apothecary turned museum in John Day that lets you step way back in time to the 1870s.

Lewis and Clark

This national historical park at Fort Clatsop allows you to get a view of American explorers Lewis and Clark’s day-to-day life and living conditions when they once spent an entire winter in this picturesque site.

Tillamook Air Museum

Considered the biggest clear-span wooden structure in the world –it is a simple wonder to behold. This world war two blimp hangar now houses an astounding aviation museum.

End of Oregon Trail Interpretive Centre

This is actually the exact spot where the historic Oregon trail ended. Take a walk through history with the center’s multimedia exhibits. It also features entertaining and educational re-enactments during the diaspora of immigrants from the South and East towards what is now Oregon.

Fort Astoria

Built with full-girth timbres just as you would have seen in period movies, fort Astoria was once the Pacific Fur company’s main trading post. It has a colorful history being the first American owned settlement in Oregon and then the first British port in the Pacific coast.

Timberline Lodge

Situated near the summit of Mount Hood, Timberline Lodge is a safe and cozy respite for skiers and visitors for a hot and hearty meal with a beautiful view of the snowy summit and the surrounding forests. It is listed as a national historic landmark by the US.


The quaint and quiet gold mining town if Jacksonville houses a number Oregon’s oldest buildings. Walking down the streets of Jacksonville feels like walking back in time with the streets lined with old buildings that are similar to those you see in Wild West movies.

Oregon Trail Interpretive Centre

Located near Baker City, this actual historical site offers re-enactments and informative interactions. On top of that, you can fully attest that you are along the Oregon trail because you will see actual ruts made by the actual hundreds of wagons that passed through the trail.

Pittock Mansion

If you have never been inside an actual mansion, this one is open to the public. It was built in the 1900s and is kept the real deal through rigorous and meticulous preservation.



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Experiencing the Vast Beauties of Oregon

If you have not paid a visit yet, you are missing out on a lot. Oregon has a lot to offer that you cannot find just in any other state.

Oregon Across the Centuries

Take a brief look at the state’s history across the Centuries and even across the millennia–from the beginning of the formation of what is now the breathtaking landscapes that the state boasts to proudly of to the first settlers and up to its modern history.

Oregon’s Most Prominent

If you find people interesting, Oregon has its share of celebrities to offer. From business tycoons to actors to writers, tribe leaders, and artists–Oregon has it all. Do not be alarmed when you run into someone famous in restaurants and malls; these things happen all the time.

Why Visit Oregon

If you still are on the fence as to whether or not you should pay a visit, you should take a look at the list of things that everybody loves about Oregon and why you should go. Let us look at the many reasons why Oregon is worth the trip.

What to Pack for a Trip to Oregon

Once you have made up your mind about that visit, it is best to come prepared. There are a few distinct necessities that you need to consider specifically when traveling to Oregon to make your stay more convenient and enjoyable.

Historical Landmarks to Check Out in Oregon

Once you have made it there, you would want to take a look at the state’s rich history in the flesh. There are a lot of museums and historical sites that offer you entertaining and educational information. It is not all about the people and the adventure because heritage is also a rich aspect that adds to the overall allure of the place.

Activities to Enjoy in Oregon

You will never get bored in Oregon, especially if you love the great outdoors.

What to Eat in Oregon

After all that activity and all those sightseeing trips, you would want to get filled up and not just by any common food, but by true Oregon delicacies that will complete your Oregon experience.

Top Oregon Destinations for Nature lovers

Among all the nature destinations that Oregon has to offer, if you are crunching on time, there is a list of the top sites you should not miss out.

Oregon Cities to Visit

The state is home to many cities, and each of them has their distinct characteristics and offerings for visitors, depending on your taste and preference. Browsing which city fits your personality will convince you to make Oregon your primary destination.

Oregon Animals to Avoid When Visiting

You would want to be safe when in the great outback of Oregon. Moreover, since Oregon is rich in nature and wildlife, there are a few of these locals that you should avoid to keep your trip safe and the animals undisturbed.



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Oregon Animals to Avoid When Visiting

Oregon is most popularly known for its scenic and natural beauty. That is why most visitors want to take advantage of the wonderful outdoor environment that Oregon has to offer. Usually, it is most recommended to visit Oregon in the summer where it is fairly warm and considerably dry to be able to trek the trails and enjoy the view.

However, every visitor should be made aware that in the peak summer months where everyone is out exploring the hills and valleys of Oregon, so are the animals; and they are not exactly as welcoming as the locals are.


One of the most notorious snakes in the world and Oregon’s only venomous snake, you should be on the lookout for any of these guys when out trekking in the Oregonian wild. You will know one right away when you see one as there are no other snakes with a rattle at the tip of the tail. The good thing about these snakes is that they mostly just want to be left alone and do not usually have the tendency to attack a human unless cornered or threatened.


Also known as mountain lions, cougars are natives of the state and are found all over. There are presently around five thousand cougars in the region and sightings have become more and more common. Upon sighting a cougar, it is advised that you do not run away as the animal may run after you.

Experts say that you should stand firm, keep eye contact with the cougar, talk loudly and use your arms to make you seem larger. The cat should back away, but if it does not, the state’s wildlife department advises that you fight back with any items available to you such as sticks, rocks, tools, etc.


There are approximately twenty species of ticks that are endemic to Oregon, but you should only be on the watch for four of them. They are usually encountered late in the spring or early in the summer when it is neither too cool nor too hot. If you find that you have a tick attached to you, remove it promptly and seek for professional medical help as some of these ticks may carry illnesses like Lyme disease.

Black Bears

Do not let the name fool you; these furry giants come in a wide assortment of colors including brown, blond and black. According to the wildlife department, there are about 30,000 that roam around Oregon, and this large number, paired with humans continually invading their territory, encounters with these big guys have become increasingly common. Because of this, people are advised to keep their trash to lessen the likelihood of bear encounters since trash usually attracts them to come and forage for food among the leftovers, and allow the bears to become habituated into coming into human settlements.


There are about five hundred species of bees that call Oregon home. If you are allergic to bee stings, you should avoid these little buzzers and carry your emergency antihistamine at all times while traveling. If you are of sound health, a sting may be nasty, but beware that bees are protected in the area since they play a very crucial role in pollinating plants and balancing the ecosystem.



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